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Book Title: Atinalıların Devleti|
The author of the book: Aristotle
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 885 KB
Date of issue: June 1998
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Read full description of the books Atinalıların Devleti:The Constitution of the Athenians (Athenaion Politeia) names either of two texts from classical antiquity, one probably by Aristotle or a student, the other falsely attributed to Xenophon. The Aristotelian text is unique. It isn't part of the Corpus Aristotelicum. It was lost until two leaves of a papyrus codex carrying part of the text were discovered in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt in 1879 & published in 1880. A 2nd papyrus was purchased in Egypt by a US missionary in 1890 & acquired by the British Museum later that year. The 1st edition by Frederic G. Kenyon was published in 1/1891. Editions of the Greek text in widest use today are Kenyon's Oxford Classical Text of 1920 & Mortimer H. Chambers' Teubner edition (1986, 2nd edition 1994).
Ancient accounts credit Aristotle with 170 Constitutions of various states. It's assumed these were research for the Politics & that many were drafted by students. Athens, however, was a particularly important state where he lived at the time. It's plausible Aristotle did one himself, possible it was intended as a model for the rest. If genuine, it's the only one of his extant writings actually intended for publication.
Because it supplys so much contemporary information previously unknown or unreliable, historians have claimed that "the discovery of this treatise constitutes almost a new epoch in Greek historical study." In particular, 21-22, 26.2-4 & 39-40 contain factual information not found in other extant texts.
Read information about the author(Greece: Αριστοτέλης)
(Alternate European spelling: Aristoteles)
Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.) numbers among the greatest philosophers of all time. Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle's works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest. A prodigious researcher and writer, Aristotle left a great body of work, perhaps numbering as many as two-hundred treatises, from which approximately thirty-one survive. His extant writings span a wide range of disciplines, from logic, metaphysics and philosophy of mind, through ethics, political theory, aesthetics and rhetoric, and into such primarily non-philosophical fields as empirical biology, where he excelled at detailed plant and animal observation and taxonomy. In all these areas, Aristotle's theories have provided illumination, met with resistance, sparked debate, and generally stimulated the sustained interest of an abiding readership.
Because of its wide range and its remoteness in time, Aristotle's philosophy defies easy encapsulation. The long history of interpretation and appropriation of Aristotelian texts and themes—spanning over two millennia and comprising philosophers working within a variety of religious and secular traditions—has rendered even basic points of interpretation controversial. The set of entries on Aristotle in this site addresses this situation by proceeding in three tiers. First, the present, general entry offers a brief account of Aristotle's life and characterizes his central philosophical commitments, highlighting his most distinctive methods and most influential achievements. Second are General Topics which offer detailed introductions to the main areas of Aristotle's philosophical activity. Finally, there follow Special Topics which investigate in greater detail more narrowly focused issues, especially those of central concern in recent Aristotelian scholarship
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